Lampedusa (‘mpidusa in dialect, Lopadusa in ancient times) is the largest of the Pelagie Islands, an archipelago also formed by the volcanic island Linosa and the unoccupied islet of Lampione.
Together they form the municipality of Lampedusa and Linosa and are part of the province of Agrigento. Lampedusa, with a population of 6,000, is the southernmost territory and town in Italy.
The island is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, closer to Tunisia (113 km) than Sicily (205 km). It is 10,8 km long – from east to west – and 3,6 km wide – from north to south, with a 33,3 km perimeter of and an area of 20,2 km2. The highest point of the islandis 133 m above sea level and is a magical place to admire the sunset.
Getting to Lampedusa is quite simple.
Lampedusa has an airport that connects it to Sicily all year round. During the summer, some of the major airlines operate direct flights from several airports in Italy.
There are also two ports that connect Lampedusa with Porto Empedocle (Agrigento). In winter the island is only connected by ferry, which also stops in Linosa. In summer, the connection is also available by hydrofoil boat that take half as long as the ferry.
In Lampedusa, sea, beaches and sun make for the ultimate holiday. The island is part of one of the most valuable marine protected areas in Italy. Moreover, the beach of the Isola dei Conigli is one of the few ideal sites of oviposition in Italy, chosen among others by the beautiful the Caretta Caretta turtles. Lampedusa is also home for a wide variety of birds, making it a perfect destination for birdwatchers. In March, almost every year, it is possible to admire the migration of whales to the Pelagos Sanctuary.
However, this small strip of land in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea offers much more to those who wish to discover all its features. Due to its strategic position, Lampedusa has seen, over the centuries, the transit of a large number of peoples from different civilizations, as evidenced by the WWII military forts or the dammusi, ancient stone houses typical of the Mediterranean region.
Lampedusa’s summers are generally hot and very dry, although quite windy. The average temperature in August, which is the hottest month of the year, is just above 26 degrees, while February – the coldest – dips to 13 degrees. This weather makes Lampedusa a touristic destination suitable for all seasons.